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INTRODUCTION TO OPTIONS

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INTRODUCTION TO OPTIONS

An option is a contract written by a seller that conveys to the buyer the right — but not the obligation — to buy (in the case of a call option) or to sell (in the case of a put option) a particular asset, at a particular price (Strike price / Exercise price) in future. In return for granting the option, the seller collects a payment (the premium) from the buyer. Exchange- traded options form an important class of options which have standardized contract features and trade on public exchanges, facilitating trading among large number of investors. They provide settlement guarantee by the Clearing Corporation thereby reducing counter party risk. Options can be used for hedging, taking a view on the future direction of the market, for arbitrage or for implementing strategies which can help in generating income for investors under various market conditions

OPTION TERMINOLOGY • Index options:  These options have the index as the underlying. In India, they have a Eu…